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The doctrine of res judicata

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November 10, 2010 at 3:03 pm


Law Lessons from CHRISTOPHER R. SHAFER, SR. V. ELIZABETH RIOS, ET AL., App. Div., A-1617-08T1, November 9, 2010:

The doctrine of res judicata applies “provides that a cause of action between parties that has been finally determined on the merits by a tribunal having jurisdiction cannot be relitigated by those parties or their privies in a new proceeding.” Velasquez v. Franz, 123 N.J. 498, 505 (1991).

In other words, it prevents “re-litigation of the same controversy between the same parties.” In re Estate of Gabrellian, 372 N.J. Super. 432, 446 (App. Div. 2004) (citation omitted), certif. denied, 182 N.J. 430 (2005). “‘In order for res judicata to apply, there must be (1) a final judgment by a court of competent jurisdiction, (2) identity of issues, (3) identity of parties, and (4) identity of the cause of action.'” Ibid. (quoting Brookshire Equities, LLC v. Montaquiza, 346 N.J. Super. 310, 318 (App. Div.), certif. denied, 172 N.J. 179 (2002)).





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